Law is a regulation, both written and unwritten, which basically applies and is acknowledged as a rule that must be obeyed in social life.
Society is a certain group of people who inhabit a particular area or region and are subject to certain legal regulations.
The relationship between law and society is very close and cannot possibly be separated from each other, suggesting that the basis of the relationship lies in the following facts.
a. Law is the regulator of people’s lives.
Community life cannot be organized if there is no law.
b. Society is a place or place for the enactment of a law. There cannot be a law or enforcement if the community does not exist.
So, from the two statements above it can be proven, where there is a law there must be a community and vice versa, wherein the community there is certainly a law.
c. Besides that, there is no denying the fact that law is also one of the main means for humans through a society where they become citizens or members, to fulfill all their basic necessities of life in the best and most reasonable condition possible, considering that the law is essential:
1). Providing protection (protection) for the rights of everyone in a fair manner, besides also stipulating the obligations that must be fulfilled in relation to their rights.
2). Providing also restrictions (restrictions) on the rights of a person at the maximum limit so as not to disturb or harm the rights of others, besides also setting minimum limits of obligations that must be fulfilled for the sake of the rights of others.
So, it is clear that the not only guarantees security and freedom, but also order and justice for everyone in trying to fulfill all the necessities of life in a fair and proper manner.
Factors that affect the enactment of the law in society, so that the law is effective or not. the following are the things that affect the enactment of the law in society:
1. Legal Rules
in legal science theories, it can be distinguished between three kinds of things concerning the enactment of the law, as a rule, it is disclosed as follows:
• the rule of law applies juridically if the determination is based on rules that are of a higher level or are formed on the basis of the stipulated.
• the rule of law applies sociologically if the rule is effective. that is, the rules in question can be imposed by the authorities even though they are not accepted by the community (the theory of power), or the rules apply because of the recognition of the community;
• the rule of law applies philosophically, in accordance with the ideals of law as the highest positive value.
2. Law Enforcement
Law enforcers or people in charge of implementing the law cover a very broad scope. cause, concerning officers in the upper, middle and lower strata. that is, in carrying out the tasks of implementing the law, officers should have a guideline including certain written regulations concerning the scope of their duties.
3. Facilities / Facilities
Facilities/facilities are very important to make certain rules effective. the scope of the means in question, especially physical facilities that function as supporting factors. for example, if there is not enough paper and carbon and a fairly good typewriter, how can the task make an official report about a crime. how the police can work well if they are not equipped with vehicles and proportional communication tools. if the equipment in question already exists, then the maintenance factors are also very important.
4. Community Citizens
one of the factors that makes a regulation effective is citizens. the intended community member, is his awareness to comply with a law, the degree of compliance. In simple terms, it can be said, that the degree of community compliance with the law is one indicator of the functioning of the law in question.