International law is part of the law that regulates the activity of international entities. At first, international law is only meant as behavioral and relationship patterns between countries but in the development of international relations increasingly complex then extends this sense that international law also organizes the structure and behavior of international organizations and to a certain extent, multinational corporations and individuals .
International law is the law of nations, international law or the law of interstate. personalloansbadcreditreviews The law of nations used to show the customs and rules of law applicable in the relations between the kings of ancient times. International law or the law of interstate show on the complex rules and principles governing relations between members of the community of nations or countries.
Differences and similarities
Public International Law is different from the International Private Law. International Law is the overall rules and principles of law governing civil relationships that cross borders or laws governing the relationship between the civil law legal actors who each are subject to civil law (national) different. While international law is the overall rules and legal principles governing relations or issues that cross national borders (international relations) are not to be civil.
The similarity is that both regulate relations or issues that cross national borders (international). The difference is the nature of law or issues being regulated (object).
Forms of international law
International law contained some embodiments or pattern of development that specifically apply in a part of the world (region) specific:
Regional International Law
International Law applicable / limited environmental areas coming into effect, such as the International Law America / Latin America, such as the concept of continental shelf (Continental Shelf) and the concept of the protection of marine living resources (conservation of the living resources of the sea), which originally grew in the Americas thus becoming general international law.
Special International Law
International law in the form kaedah that specifically apply to certain countries such as the European Convention on Human Rights as a reflection of the circumstances, needs, level of development and level of integrity that is different from different parts of society. In contrast to regional growth through customary law.
International law is the overall rules and principles governing relations or issues that cross borders between:
1. state by state
2. countries with other legal subjects or subjects not state law is not a country with one another.
International Law and the World
International law is based on the mind of the international community that consists of a number of sovereign and independent state within the meaning of each stand-alone one not under the control of another so it is a legal order of coordination between members of the international community are equal.
World Law stems on the basis of other thoughts. Influenced by analogy with the Constitutional Law (constitusional law), the law of the world is a sort of state (federation) the world covering all the countries in the world. Hierarchical world countries stand on national states. The world according to the concept of law and order is a legal order of subordination.
The characteristics of the international community
1. The state is a sovereign territorial unit.
2. The national relationship with each other is based on freedom and equality.
3. Community countries do not recognize the authority over them like an emperor in medieval times and the Pope as head of the Church.
4. The relationship between the countries based on the legal definition much took over the institution of Civil Law, Roman Law.
5. The State recognizes the existence of international law as the law governing relations between states but emphasized a great role played by the state in compliance with this law.
6. The absence of the Court (International) and the international police force to enforce compliance with the provisions of international law.
7. The presumption against war with the erosion of religious facets switch of assumptions about the doctrine of bellum justum (teaching of holy war) towards the teachings that consider war as one way the use of violence.